Introduction: Antioxidant and hypoglycemic properties of some plant seeds are considered natural preventives for diabetic-associated glycation. This study is concerned with the evaluation of the bioactive components of black chia and garden cress seeds and the examination of their modulatory effects on hyperglycemia and associated glycation induced by streptozotocin (STZ) injection. Methods: Forty male rats were divided into 4 groups, 10 rats each: Group 1 (healthy control group); group 2 (diabetic group): rats injected STZ intraperitoneally to induce hyperglycemia; group 3 and group 4: rats treated (after diabetic induction) with 1 mL (20% w/w) black chia and garden cress seed extract, respectively. Results: STZ injection caused marked hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, glycation, and inflammation condition with disturbance in organs functions and structural alterations in pancreatic tissue, while; treatment with black chia and garden cress seed extracts showed remarkable (P < 0.05) modulatory effects on hyperglycemia and associated disorders. Conclusion: Black chia and garden cress seeds might be used in the management of diabetes and associated glycation.
Keywords: Hyperglycemia, Oxidative stress, Inflammation, Glycation end products
Please cite this paper as:
Mohamed HS, Kholief TE, Mohamed RW, Abd El-Rhman A. The modulatory effects of black chia (Salvia hispanica) and garden cress (Lepidium sativum) seeds on Nε-CML formation in streptozotocin-injected rats. J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2023;12(2):250-261. doi: 10.34172/jhp.2023.27.