J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2014;3(1): 57-60.
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Original Article

Antiepileptic activity of hydroalcoholic extract of basil in mice

Mehrdad Modaresi 1*, Arezoo Pouriyanzadeh 2, Majid Asadi-Samani 3

1 Biology Faculty, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Payam-e-Noor University, Isfahan Center, Isfahan, Iran
3 Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding author: Mehrdad Modaresi, tell: +989132074854, , Email: mehrdad_modaresi@hotmail.com


Introduction: Epilepsy has been always considered as one of the most prevalent disorders of nervous system and despite various drugs available, there are still some patients who have drug resistance. In traditional medicine, basil (Ocimum basilicum) has been used in treating epilepsy. To achieve an effective antiepileptic drug with few side effects, the antiepileptic effect of O. basilicum was investigated in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced epilepsy model.

Methods: In this experimental research, 48 laboratory female mice (for removing gender factor) were designated in 6 equal groups. The experimental groups comprised control, sham, and four treatment groups receiving the extract at 100, 250, 300, and 350 mg/kg doses (intraperitoneally; ip), 65 minutes before PTZ injection and the factors of epilepsy symptoms and the symptoms frequency were studied.

Results: The obtained results of using different doses (100, 250, 300, 350 mg/kg) of the extract indicated that the mice in 100 mg/kg dose group exhibited the highest frequency of epileptic attacks. The samples receiving the extract at 100 and 250 mg/kg doses exhibited the highest and lowest frequency of myoclonic twitches, respectively. In the group treated with 250 mg/kg dose, the symptoms of epilepsy, frequency of epilepsy, and mortality rate respectively increased, decreased, and decreased (p<0.05).

Conclusion: By the obtained results, the hydroalcoholic extract of O. basilicum at 250 mg/kg dose could be recommended as an effective drug for preventing epilepsy in the animal model.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

The hydroalcoholic extract of Ocimum basilicum is able to prevent the attacks in the animal epilepsy model and might be beneficial in epileptic patients.

Please cite this paper as: Modaresi M, Pouriyanzadeh A, Asadi-Samani M. Antiepileptic activity of hydroalcoholic extract of basil in mice . J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2014; 3(1): 57-60.

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ePublished: 01 Jun 2014
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