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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2023;12(1): 84-91.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2023.07

Scopus ID: 85147744144
  Abstract View: 850
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Original Article

Gliclazide and Crassocephalum rubens leaf extract inhibit glucose-induced mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening in isolated pancreas mitochondria of Wistar rats

Tajudeen Olabisi Obafemi 1* ORCID logo, Blessing Ariyo Afolabi 2 ORCID logo, John Adeolu Falode 3 ORCID logo, Jerius Nkwuda Ejeje 1,4 ORCID logo, Olakunle Bamikole Afolabi 1 ORCID logo, Olusola Bolaji Adewale 1 ORCID logo, Akinwunmi Oluwaseun Adeoye 3 ORCID logo, Joesph Awe 1 ORCID logo, Olukemi Adetutu Osukoya 1 ORCID logo, Amos Onasanya 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Biochemistry, Afe Babalola University, PMB 5454 Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
2 Department of Biochemistry, Bowen University, PMB 284, Iwo Nigeria
3 Department of Biochemistry, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
4 Department of Biochemistry, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, P.O. Box 1010, Abakaliki, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Tajudeen Olabisi Obafemi, Email: oobafemi@abuad.edu.ng

Abstract

Introduction: Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) has been implicated in a wide variety of diseases such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and diabetes. Crassocephalum rubens is a leafy vegetable consumed in different parts of Africa for the management of symptoms of diabetes mellitus, inflammation, malaria, and blood pressure. The present study evaluated the modulatory effects of aqueous leaf extract of C. rubens (ACR) and gliclazide on MPTP in the pancreas of Wistar albino rats in vitro.

Methods: Pancreatic mitochondria were isolated from experimental animals using standard protocols. Furthermore, MPTP was induced using various concentrations (15, 22.5, 30, and 37.5 mmol/L) of glucose and CaCl2 (3 µM). Alterations in MPTP and ameliorative potential of different concentrations of ACR (8, 24, 40, 56 μg/mL) and gliclazide (0.054 mg/mL) were monitored spectrophotometrically via changes in absorbance at 540 nm for 12 minutes, under sodium succinate energized condition.

Results: It was observed that 30 mmol/L, 37.5 mmol/L D-glucose, and Ca2+ significantly induced MPTP opening by 0.635, 5.10, and 9.95 folds, respectively, an effect that was reversed by gliclazide and ACR, in a none-dose dependent manner. In addition, ACR at 56 μg/mL in conjunction with Ca2+ opened the MPTP.

Conclusion: Data from this study suggest that gliclazide and ACR, especially at the lower concentrations, possess significant inhibitory effects against MPTP opening in the pancreas of male Wistar albino rats and, therefore, could be useful in protecting beta-cell death usually associated with diabetes mellitus, as well as other conditions in which MPTP opening is implicated.


Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

This study demonstrated that aqueous extract of Crassocephalum rubens leaves has inhibitory effect on mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening, especially at low doses. The extract could be useful in managing diseases in which MPTP opening is implicated.

Please cite this paper as: Obafemi TO, Afolabi BA, Falode JA, Ejeje JN, Afolabi OB, Adewale OB, et al. Gliclazide and Crassocephalum rubens leaf extract inhibit glucose-induced mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening in isolated pancreas mitochondria of Wistar rats. J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2023;12(1):84-91. doi: 10.34172/jhp.2023.07.

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Submitted: 20 Mar 2022
Revision: 09 May 2022
Accepted: 10 May 2022
ePublished: 31 Dec 2022
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