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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2024;13(1): 111-119.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2024.48150

Scopus ID: 85190767547
  Abstract View: 503
  PDF Download: 311

Original Article

Comparing the effects of acupressure and aromatherapy with peppermint essential oil on the quality of recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A randomized controlled trial

Behzad Imani 1 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Zare 2* ORCID logo, Salman Khazaei 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Operating Room, School of Paramedicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Operating Room, Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology, Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: fatemeh.zarea228@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Complementary medicine presents a viable avenue for mitigating side effects after surgery. This study aimed to compare the effects of acupressure and peppermint essential oil on the quality of recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).

Methods: In this clinical trial, 210 patients referred to the Besat and Beheshti hospitals in Hamadan, Iran, were included. After giving their informed consent and completing the demographics survey, they were randomly assigned to 3 equal groups of control, peppermint essential oil, and acupressure. The study primarily assessed recovery quality through a 15- item questionnaire and secondarily evaluated postoperative nausea and satisfaction. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon, and Friedman tests in SPSS 23.

Results: In pre-intervention, there was no significant difference between the groups in the total score of recovery quality, nausea, and demographic data. There was a significant increase in the quality of recovery score in the acupressure group when compared to the peppermint group on the second postoperative day (P<0.001). In post-intervention, the mean score of nausea improvement in the control group was significantly less than those of the peppermint and acupressure groups (P<0.05). However, neither the acupressure nor peppermint groups displayed a significant reduction in nausea severity (P=0.439). Furthermore, the patient’s satisfaction in the acupressure group was significantly higher than that of other groups on the second postoperative day (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The administration of acupressure was found to be successful in improving recovery quality, patient satisfaction, and mitigating nausea compared to peppermint and standard treatment.


Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

The study’s outcomes suggest potential avenues for health policy and clinical practice by advocating the inclusion of complementary interventions like acupressure and peppermint essential oil aromatherapy in postoperative care plans for laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. These findings also underscore the need for further research and incorporation of these insights into medical education to equip healthcare professionals with holistic approaches to surgical recovery.

Please cite this paper as: Imani B, Zare F, Khazaei S. Comparing the effects of acupressure and aromatherapy with peppermint essential oil on the quality of recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A randomized controlled trial. J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2024;13(1):111-119. doi: 10.34172/jhp.2024.48150.

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Submitted: 20 Jul 2023
Revision: 23 Sep 2023
Accepted: 23 Sep 2023
ePublished: 01 Jan 2024
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