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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2024;13(2): 188-198.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2024.48302

Scopus ID: 85190880418
  Abstract View: 368
  PDF Download: 283

Review

Therapeutic potential of fucoidan in dentistry: A review

Maya Hudiyati 1,2 ORCID logo, Siti Sunarintyas 3* ORCID logo, Retno Ardhani 4 ORCID logo, Alim Isnansetyo 5 ORCID logo

1 Student of Doctoral Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Study Program of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, South Sumatera, Indonesia
3 Department of Dental Biomaterial, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
4 Department of Dental Biomedical Science, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
5 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
*Corresponding Author: Siti Sunarintyas,, Email: sunarintyassiti@ugm.ac.id

Abstract

Fucoidan, produced by the cell walls of brown seaweed, possesses biological effects, covering anticancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and a potential for promoting angiogenesis and osteogenesis. This study aimed to compile diverse scientific results on fucoidan’s therapeutic prospect in dentistry and the mechanism of action in the therapy of oral diseases. A literature search was carried out using keywords with Boolean operators, including fucoidan (AND) oral (OR) dental (OR) dentistry, to identify related publications from PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar databases. The results showed that fucoidan had various therapeutic potentials in the field of dentistry, including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, radioprotection, protection of dental pulp tissue, and bone regeneration. These characteristics were related to the sulfate composition and molecular weight. Fucoidan has various therapeutic potentials crucial for oral health. Hence, it might be used for material development and drug production in dentistry

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

The analysis presents a detailed insight into fucoidan, which has a variety of bioactivities related to oral health. Furthermore, this review categorizes the potential of fucoidan based on the latest published studies, providing a valuable basis for further development of fucoidan-based therapies for oral inflammation, oral cancer, drug delivery, and tissue regeneration in dentistry, as well as for the improvement of dental material properties.

Please cite this paper as: Hudiyati M, Sunarintyas S, Ardhani R, Isnansetyo A. Therapeutic potential of fucoidan in dentistry: A review. J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2024;13(2):188-198. doi: 10.34172/jhp.2024.48302.

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Submitted: 10 Oct 2023
Accepted: 07 Dec 2023
ePublished: 01 Apr 2024
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