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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2022;11(4): 451-460.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2022.52

Scopus ID: 85143240498
  Abstract View: 1130
  PDF Download: 1039

Review

Ethnomedicine, phytochemistry, and bioactivities of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae)

Narisya Idayu Mohd Suhaili 1 ORCID logo, Nurhuda Manshoor 1, 2* ORCID logo

1 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor, Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Atta-ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Product Discovery, Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor, Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author: Email: nurhuda15@uitm.edu.my

Abstract

Hibiscus sabdariffa L., belonging to the Malvaceae family, has been long used as herbal medicine, food, beverage, flavouring, and colouring agents. This study aims to review and document the evidence regarding the potential use of H. sabdariffa as ethnomedicine in some countries and its bioactive constituents and therapeutic properties. The electronic databases were used to search for the relevant information to the aims of this review up to March 2022. The high usage of H. sabdariffa as traditional medicine is due to its easy accessibility and low price. The plant is often used to treat intestinal problems, stomach disorders, and blood or liver toxicities. The plant contains phenolic compounds, including anthocyanins, flavonoids, and phenolic acids. The in vivo, in vitro, and clinical studies provide evidence that H. sabdariffa possesses therapeutic effects such as antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, antioxidants, antimicrobial, and antitumor activities. The studies provided scientific evidence for the statement of H. sabdariffa and its bioactive constituents in treating various diseases.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

This contribution is to construct a literature review that discusses the importance of Hibiscus sabdariffa to various ethnicities in different countries and continents. This article also reports the latest discovery of the phytochemicals and pharmacological properties of the plant, which may be taken into consideration in future clinical studies and therapies involving this plant.

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Submitted: 03 Mar 2022
Revision: 20 Apr 2022
Accepted: 02 May 2022
ePublished: 19 Sep 2022
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